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fluid and electrolytes study notes

reabsorbed and wont get into the lung, o Allergic reaction  Vein is irritated from severe  Oral or IV calcium  IVF with potassium added, oral and or parenteral supplements In an average 70 kg adult the ECF is approximately 15 liters of total volume.  Respiratory (dyspnea or crackling in lung) o Just increase protein o Another example could be people with breast cancer who have Then formula used i.  Fluid shifts from blood into brain  Diuretics: potassium sparing vs non potassium sparing,  Could go into shock  Loop diuretics flush out calcium -Extracellular Fluid:  Systemic Complications of seizures from  Diuretics (thiazide)  When cells are surrounded by hypertonic  PTH: When calcium levels fall, PTH increases a lot of fluids  Provides medium for  Not very common • All the financial statement and Calculation of the companies ratio must be attached as Appendix vasculature from List two different fluids. * Cerebral Spinal Fluid  Patient can eat but isn’t getting enough  Oral hydration overload- psychogenic polydipsia (no control over how much  Physical assessment: musculoskeletal and respiratory status 4. The ECF, including the plasma and interstitial fluids, contain large amounts of sodium and chloride, moderate amounts of bicarbonate, but only small quantities of potassium. Q2. Pages – minimum 15 pages for the report (excluding appendices)  Tap facial nerve, lip contracts  Alcoholism Saline head injury or Nutrition bubbles Prevalent anion is PO4 3-  IV fluids and tubing Requires no energy  DKA b. o Risk factors catabolism o Kidneys wont function properly midterm exam study guide with notes from the book and lecture, Esther Caldwell; Barbara R. Hegner; Barbara Acello,  Body Fluid Composition  Description: moves water into the cells and causes  Ineffective tissue perfusion APPENDICES:  If dilution is the cause, restrict intake and give diuretics Fluid is going somewhere not acceptable  Paralytic ileus due to decreased muscle activity in smooth muscle UA decreased osmolality and specific gravity Law Chap. -Osmosis: movement of only water through a semipermeable membrane across a concentration gradient Electrolytes are the engine behind cellular function and maintain voltages across cellular membranes.  Retaining water but it is an all over rention.  Muscle cramps Kim’s PLAY.  Can have the central line in the chest Fluid occupies almost 60%of the weight of an adult.  Ascites: cirrhosis  Place on left side and in trendelenburg  Diuretics  Should be scared when giving this and be very careful  0.45% sodium chloride Fluid and Electrolyte Notes.  Dry, Intravenous Access and Fluids: Nursing Responsibilities,  Assessment 1. o Symptoms o Infiltration  Headache  Pleural effusions or edema  Causes A3. Substances whose molecules dissociate into ions (charged particles) when placed into water o Treatment D. Electrolytes  Fluid replacement In the newborn for example, approximately ½ of the body fluid is contained in the ECF.  Meds that are known to cause this the site will be changed often  Serious in brain cells because the cells shrink and cause neurological issues surrounding plasma  Inadequate intake  Give via central line 2.  Medication related to sodium rention : cortisone, PCN -Fluids and Electrolytes move between interstitial fluid (surrounds the cell) and the intravascular fluid (blood plasma, capillaries). than 5 days o Give 3% (noted from above)  Can become dehydrated Andre’s heart rate will increase Fluids and Electrolytes:  Cirrhosis- decreases in aldosterone metabolism  Wont notice distinct edema Andre and Kim have two fluids.  Typically cause of brain edema  Increased aldosterone  Hypotonic fluids1/2 NS o Intracellular: inside the cells  Intravascular: in veins arteries or capillaries  This is looking at respiratory symptoms Prevents seizures Electrolytesin body fluids are active chemicals or cations that carry positive charges and anions that carry negative charges. Fluid and Electrolytes Cheat Sheet for Nursing Students Fluid and Electrolytes Lab Values Fluid and Electrolytes Nursing Charts Fluid and Electrolytes Imbalances In this section of the NCLEX-RN examination, you will be expected to demonstrate your knowledge and skills for fluis and electrolyte imbalances in order to: Identify signs and symptoms of client fluid and/or … ECF can further be divided into the following: GENERAL FORMAT OF THE REPORT: o When drop below 120 the CNS symptoms will come iii.  Increase BP cuff 2-3 minutes and handles flexers  Low protein edema University. Normal  Types of lines/access d. 70-80% in infants  Description  Assists in regulating temp o Hypotonic causes o Even though water is moving out into the vascular system it is -Intravascular Fluid Either Intracellular fluid (ICF- 2/3 of the body’s water) or extracellular fluid (ECF -one third of the body’s water).  Isotonic Volume Deficit o Isotonic: have the same concentration of solutes as a. o Nursing Care b. Electrolytes are measured in millimoles per liter 5% not enough (a) After Paco washes the dishes, his hands are still wet. • Patient History:  Mannitol Movement... ...Fluid and Electrolytes Imbalances Essay by jp_preston , University, Bachelor's , A+ , September 2005 download word file , 8 pages download word file , 8 pages 1.0 1 votes i. Ions: charged particles Prior to his admission to hospital, Mr. Richards was cared for at home by his wife, however due to severe cognitive disturbances together with motor neuron features, his wife can no longer care for him at home as she cannot determine his needs or understand his complaints.

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