romans 11:26 commentary
Jesus Christ has personally appeared once on earth, and He will appear the second time when He comes without sin unto salvation. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/romans-11.html. κ. τ. It was a maxim among the Jews that “every Israelite should have part in the future age.” (Grotius.) In other words the reason why the fullness of the Gentiles needs to ‘come in’, is so that all Israel, both Jew and Gentile, might be saved together (Romans 11:12). of the elect believers of Israel:—Beza, Estius, Koppe, Reiche, Köllner, Meyer, Tholuck, De Wette, al., hold that the words refer, as I have explained them above, to a national restoration of Israel to God’s favour. Here is a third and chief part of the aforementioned mystery, that in the end, all Israel shall be saved. — Ed. BibliographyGodbey, William. 35). (3) to receive, preserve, and transmit the Scripture Deuteronomy 4:5-8; Romans 3:1; Romans 3:2. Similarly Theodoret and Gregory of Nyssa (in Thol. "Abbott's Illustrated New Testament". Thus as a consequence ‘Jacob’ will be saved. Zechariah 12-13). The nearest relative of a murdered person, on whom devolved the duty of avenger, was called goel haddam avenger of blood. Summary: Israel, so named from the grandson of Abraham, was chosen for a fourfold mission: (1) To witness to the unity of God in the midst of universal idolatry Deuteronomy 6:4; Isaiah 43:10; Isaiah 43:12. ×¢Ö²×§Ö¹×, and for those turning from apostasy in Jacob, And when I shall have forgiven their sins, this, Îá½ Îá¿ á¼ÎÎÎÎ á¿ á¼Î Î¤Îá¿¦ Î£Î¤ÎÎ, Î¤Îá¿¦Î¤Î á¼Î£Î¤ÎÎ á¼© Îá½ÎÎÎÎÎ Îá½Î¤Îá¿¦, as still future, as the last step in the universal extension of Christianity upon earth. And to turn away the ungodliness that is in Jacob. The modal character of the οὕτω therefore lies in the succession of time conditioning the emergence of the fact (comp. And we know that this is the meaning of the term, by finding it applied to the body of the Israelites when this alone was the sum of their state. Therefore, we shouldn’t regard it as spiritual Israel in Romans 11:26. i. Isaiah 59:20-21 a LXX reads, ‘And the deliverer will come for Sion’s sake (MT ‘to Zion’: Paul ‘out of Zion’), and will turn away ungodliness from Jacob, and this will be my covenant with them ---’ (Isaiah 59:20-21 a LXX). into εἰσέλθῃ [Subj. But though in this prophecy deliverance to the spiritual people of God is promised, among whom even Gentiles are included; yet as the Jews are the first-born, what the Prophet declares must be fulfilled, especially in them: for that Scripture calls all the people of God Israelites, is to be ascribed to the pre-eminence of that nation, whom God had preferred to all other nations. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/romans-11.html. Paul, however, does not quote what we read in Isaiah, word for word; “come,” he says, “shall a Redeemer to Sion, and to those who shall repent of iniquity in Jacob, saith the Lord.” (Isaiah 59:20.). This would then mean that the ‘all Israel’ who will be saved is the remnant who are the true Israel, the elect. If Jacob be turned away from transgression, it is this Deliverer who will accomplish the object. not God (Grotius, van Hengel), who first emerges in Romans 11:27, but the Messiah. ", To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, Haldane's Exposition on the Epistle to the Romans, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, there shall come out of Zion the Deliverer, and shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary, τὴν τότε ἐσομένην τῶν ἰουδαίων ἐπιστροφήν, Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament, Cambridge Greek Testament for Schools and Colleges, William Godbey's Commentary on the New Testament, Romans 9-11and of NT teaching about the Jews and their future. Man cannot "find" God; only God can initiate a calling. And if they, were how could they be ‘life from the dead’ to the Gentiles (Romans 11:15)? And so all Israel shall be saved - not 'all the spiritual Israel,' Jew and Gentile (as one or two of the fathers, and Luther, Calvin, etc. [Note: See John Calvin, The Epistles of Paul the Apostle to the Romans and to the Thessalonians, p255.] Tholuck on Romans 11:25; Kahnis, Dogm. This also against Weiss, bibl. of the Jews. Paul had no problem with such a distinction in Romans 9:6. ἐκ σιών] for from God will the deliverer come; the theocratic central-point and dwelling-place of the divine kingdom is the holy mount of Zion. "Cambridge Greek Testament for Schools and Colleges". And so (και ουτως kai houtōs). With reference to this they have been kept as a distinct people; and all exulting over them by the Gentiles, is highly offensive to God. He too went first to the Jews. All would result in the same conclusion. It would violate the main premise of the Book of Romans (1:16). Heb. But this would be to ignore the fact that the believing Gentiles have become a part of Israel. But as we have seen in Romans 11:17-24, and will see in the excursus, ‘Jacob’ includes both believing Jews and believing Gentiles, for the believing Gentiles have been engrafted into Israel/Jacob (Romans 11:17-24). It had always been a policy of Israel. "Commentary on Romans 11:26". He shall come to Sion, and shall come “to turn away,” etc. Note the replacement of ‘for Zion’s sake’ by ‘out of’. They are Jew and Greek before they are converted, at which point they become ‘Christians’ or ‘believers’, i.e. Israel a Christian nation, Israel as a nation a part of the Messianic kingdom, is the content of his thought. (See Scofield "Zechariah 12:8") N.T. "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". He does not confirm the whole passage by this testimony of Isaiah, (Isaiah 59:20,) but only one clause, — that the children of Abraham shall be partakers of redemption. BibliographyJamieson, Robert, D.D. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/romans-11.html. It is only to deny that it is specifically in mind here. “So all Israel shall be saved.” The fulfillment of this mournful prophecy is to be with the faithful remnant. A. Crusius, Delitzsch, Baumgarten, Ebrard, Auberlen, and others; expositors of the Apocalypse), of an actual restoration of Israel to the theocratic kingdom in Canaan, as to be expected on the ground of prophetic predictions (Hosea 2:2; Hosea 2:16 ff., Hosea 3:4-5; Isaiah 11:11; Isaiah 24:16, chap. BibliographyScofield, C. I. Jewish eschatology seems to have provided for the inclusion of all Israel in the Messianic kingdom by means of a general resurrection. The duration of time until the Parousia was not subject-matter of revelation, Acts 1:7, and the conception of it belongs, therefore, not to that in the apostolic teaching which has the guarantee of divine certainty, but to the domain of subjective hope and expectation, which associated themselves with what was revealed,—a distinction which even Philippi does not reject. After having subdued to Himself the whole of the Gentiles, He will not forget the family of Abraham, His friend, in whom, according to His promise, all the families of the earth were to be blessed. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain.Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. All are not agreed from whence these testimonies are taken; the former is found (with some little variation) in Isaiah 59:20: as for the latter, some think it is taken from Jeremiah 31:33. And by. Romans 11:25-32. 1863-1878. ‘And,’ which occurs in the LXX., is omitted here by the best authorities. "He shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob"-Premillennialists argue that this passage applies to a future conversion of Jews. This is terrible because they are saying, “Thus saith the Lord,” when the Lord has not said that. This hope, which contemporary Judaism applied to a restoration of Israel by the establishment of the Messianic kingdom in Jerusalem, S. Paul sees fulfilled in the final return of the Christ and the establishment of His spiritual kingdom. But if one takes this view, — that Christ had been promised and offered to them, but that as they rejected him, they were deprived of his grace; yet the Prophet’s words express more, even this, — that there will be some remnant, who, having repented, shall enjoy the favor of deliverance. 1999. Romans 11:26 f. Καὶ οὕτω ] And so , namely, after the πλήρωμα τῶν ἐθνῶν shall have come in. And this is my covenant to them, when I shall take away their sins.”. 644. There is no precedent anywhere in Scripture for such an ‘all without exception’ when dealing with large numbers. Paul follows the lxx, καὶ ἀποστρέψει ἀσεβείας ἀπὸ ἰακώβ, and shall turn iniquity from Jacob. The Israel of God is what he calls the Church, gathered alike from Jews and Gentiles; and he sets the people, thus collected from their dispersion, in opposition to the carnal children of Abraham, who had departed from his faith.
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